CRITICAL INCIDENTS POLICY
The aim of this policy is to lessen the effect of a critical incident on the staff, students and parents at Castlewellan Primary School. It is anticipated that by adopting the procedures outlined in this policy it will be possible to provide a more secure environment for everyone associated with the School.
What is a critical incident?
A critical incident is a sudden or unexpected incident or sequence of events which causes trauma within a school community and which overwhelms its normal coping mechanisms.
Critical incidents may occur in school or out of school, but both types will have a major impact on staff and students. An incident might be designated as critical where the result is likely to be serious disruption to the running of the School, or where there is likely to be significant public and/or media attention on the School.
There can, of course, be no rigid formula for responding to incidents, but broadly speaking, it has been assumed that where damage to premises is the focus, SEELB will take the leading role in managing the crisis in collaboration with the school and other agencies. Where the crisis is related to people, such as in the event of a death or serious injury, the assumption is that the School is likely to take the lead, with the support of the SEELB, as necessary.
Examples of in-school critical incidents (non-exhaustive)
- A serious accident to a child or adult
- The death of a student or member of staff through natural causes, such as an illness
- A traffic accident involving a student or staff member
- Violence or assault within school
- A school fire or explosion
- Destruction of part of the school building
- Abduction of a student
- A student or students absconding
- An illness such as meningitis within the school or the local community
Examples of out-of-school critical incidents
- An accident to a student or staff while out of school on a visit or swimming etc.
- Death or injuries on a school journey
- Tragedies involving children from many schools, e.g. the tragedy at Hillsborough Football Ground
- Civil disturbances
Support Agencies and Personnel A list of significant contacts and telephone numbers is included as an appendix to this document.
A central component of this policy is the identification of the composition, roles and responsibilities of the Intervention Team.
The role of the team is to review and direct the handling of the incident and the response and recovery process in order to:
- Ensure the safety and security of students, staff, other users of the premises and visitors;
- Minimize the loss to the School in physical, human and financial terms;
- Manage an incident to minimize disruption to regular operations;
- Liaise with appropriate agencies, including the Media.
The Intervention Team will comprise the following personnel:
- Principal – Mr McLean. Key Member. He is the first point of contact and is responsible for liaising with all parties concerned and affected.
- Chair of Governors – Mr Andrew Forson
- The School’s designated Child Protection Officer – Mrs Priscilla Green. Deputises in the absence of the Principal.
- Building Supervisor – Mrs Belinda Ross
- School Secretary – Mrs Cheryl Spiers. Principal will brief secretary on information to be released. She is to keep records of all phone calls made and information given.
The Intervention Team will, dependent upon the nature of the incident itself, be concerned with any of the following issues:
- Adequate assessment of hazards and situations which may require emergency action;
- Analysis of requirements to address these hazards; establishment of liaison with all relevant emergency services; development of an effective management plan;
- Dissemination of planned procedures;
- Organisation of practice drills to test the plan;
- Regular review of this plan;
- Assisting the Principal with all aspects of the implementation of the plan;
- Arranging staff development activities, where necessary.
N.B. The team is to meet annually to become acquainted with changing situations, personnel and each others’ roles.
Practice within school
Individual class teachers have an important role to play in managing critical incidents and may well be the best people to deal with the pupils in their classes. The main role of specialist agencies is one of support, empowerment and to support students who cannot be helped by the teachers within the School alone. In times of crises, teachers must react as they feel is appropriate and there can be no easy formula for dealing with critical incidents but by ensuring good communication within School a crisis may be managed more effectively.
By outlining the appropriate actions to be taken in the event of a critical incident, the School aims to reduce the effect.
Procedures during an incident
- The Principal must be informed of any critical incident as soon as possible.
- As soon as an incident is confirmed, the Intervention Team will meet to decide strategies in the Principal’s Office (Central Information Point)
- The rest of the staff will be informed as soon as possible, preferably at a specially convened staff meeting.
- All staff should share the same information.
- Students will be told information simply and sensitively, without fabrication, preferably in smaller group situations. Eg siblings, close friends, class group etc
- The School will try, as far as possible, to keep to the normal routine.
ACTION PLAN (also refer to Appendix 1)
Major incidents require the following procedures:-
- Set up a communication network.
- Convene the Intervention Team in Central Information Point (Principal’s Office)
- Inform immediately Mrs Emer Smyth, Crisis and Bereavement Service SEELB
- Collect, record and convey as much accurate information as possible.
Identify two telephonists to staff:
- School phone for incoming calls – School Secretary
- Fax phone for outgoing information/staff use. – Mrs Green
- Use the up to date list of students’ next of kin (SIMS) and contact parents of affected children
- Record all actions
- Letter home to parents (If and when applicable) outlining incident information and funeral arrangements etc
- Principal, alone, to act as ‘press officer’ (Template in Appendix 2)
- Refusal of access to press/television on school premises
Action plan timeline
- Advise Public Relations Unit so that appropriate assistance is made to the school.
- Ensure that the appropriate Officers, including Health & Safety, are advised of the crisis so that the best possible level of support can be made immediately available, as appropriate.
- Ensure that those agencies or services who are skilled in offering counselling are alerted to the crisis so that support is available as soon as seen to be appropriate.
In determining the timing of the above response by the SEELB, the Chief Executive needs to be guided by the Principal, making certain that the support offered is timed to acknowledge the School’s own response to the tragedy.
Click here for Appendix 1 of Critical Incidents Policy
Click here for Appendix 2 of Critical Incidents Policy, a list of helpful local phone numbers in Castlewellan town.